您现在的位置: 首页 > 自考专业 > 2017年6月英语四级阅读理解100篇精析(97)

2017年6月英语四级阅读理解100篇精析(97)

发布时间:2018-09-06 

2017年6月英语四级阅读理解100篇精析(97)

  英语四级阅读理解分值占整个考试的35%,比重很大。英语四级备考中后期建议考生们每天进行英语四级阅读模拟练习,严格把控做题时间,下面是新东方网英语四级频道为大家整理的2017年6月英语四级阅读理解100篇精析。


2017年6月英语四级阅读理解100篇精析汇总

  On average, American kids ages 3 to 12 spent 29 hours a week in school, eight hours more that they did in 1981. They also did more household work and participated in more of such organized activities as soccer and ballet (芭蕾舞). Involvement in sports, in particular, rose almost 50% from 1981 to 1997: boys now spendan average of four hours a week playing sports; girls log hall that time. All in all, however, children’sleisure time dropped from 40% of the day in 1981 to 25%

  “Children are affected by the same time crunch (危机) that affects their parents,” says Sandra Hofferth,who headed the recent study of children’s timetable. A chief reason, she says, is that more mothers are working outside the home. (Nevertheless, children in both double-income and “male breadwinner” householdsspent comparable amounts of time interacting with their parents 19 hours and 22 hours respectively. In contrast, children spent only 9 hours with their single mothers.)

  All work and no play could make for some very messed-up kids. “Play is the most powerful way a child explores the world and learns about himself,” says T. Berry Brazelton, professor at Harvard Medical School Unstructured play encourages independent thinking and allows the young to negotiate their relationships withtheir peers, but kids ages 3 to 12 spent only 12 hours a week engaged in it.

  The children sampled spent a quarter of their rapidly decreasing “free time” watching television. But that, believe it or not, was one of the findings parents might regard as good news. If they’re spending less time in front of the TV set, however, kids aren’t replacing it with reading. Despite efforts to get kids more interested in books, the children spent just over an hour a week reading. Let’s face it, who’s got the time?

  练习题:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1. By mentioning “the same time crunch” (Line 1, Para. 2) Sandra Hofferth means ________.

  A. children have little time to play with their parents

  B. children are not taken good care of by their working parents

  C. both parents and children suffer from lack of leisure time

  D. both parents and children have trouble managing their time

  2. According to the author, the reason given by Sandra Hofferth for the time crunch is ________.

  A. quite convincing

  B. partially true

  C. totally groundless

  D. rather confusing

  3. According to the author a child develops better if ________.

  A. he has plenty of time reading and studying

  B. he is left to play with his peers in his own way

  C. he has more time participating in school activities

  D. he is free to interact with his working parents

  4. The author is concerned about the fact that American kids ________.

  A. are engaged in more and more structured activities

  B. are increasingly neglected by their working mothers

  C. are spending more and more time watching TV

  D. are involved less and less in household work

  5. We can infer from the passage that ________.

  A. extracurricular activities promote children’s intelligence

  B. most children will turn to reading with TV sets switched off

  C. efforts to get kids interested in reading have been fruitful

  D. most parents believe reading to be beneficial to children

  参考答案

  1.[C] 语义理解题。该短语所在句子的上文(第1段最后一句)表明“孩子的课余时间比以前少了”,而本句指出父母和孩子都受time crunch的影响,可见the same time crunch是指空闲时间不够用,故C正确。

  2.[B] 观点态度题。第2段第2句中括号里的内容表明了作者的观点。转折词Nevertheless说明作者的观点跟上文Sandra Hofferth的看法不完全一致,而作者在下文举例中提到,单身母亲因为要上班,与孩子在起的时间只有9个小时,确实少了很多,这与Hofferth所述一致,因此选B。

  3.[B] 事实细节题。第3段最后一句表明孩子自由玩乐能促使他们独立思考,并使他们学会处理与同龄关系,其中unstructured play 相当于B中的play in his own way,故B正确。

  4.[A] 观点态度题。文章一开头作者就说孩子们比1981年时上学的时间每周多8小时,他们还做更多的家务,参加更多的有组织性的活动等等,而这些均是造成孩子们空闲时间越来越少的原因,而孩子们空闲时间少也正是作者忧虑的问题,故可推知本题选A。B是作者在第2段括号里反驳过的观点;C错在more and more time,而且作者对孩子看电视也不完全反对;孩子们事实上要做更多家务,故D错。

  5.[D] 推理判断题。文章最后一段倒数第2句说“尽管父母费尽心思培养孩子的读书兴趣,可孩子们一周也只不过花一个多小时读书”。由此可见,父母认为读书对孩子有好处,即D。A中的extracurricular activities包含 structured and unstructured activities,文中只说unstructured activities有助于培养孩子独立思考以及与同龄人交往的能力,没有说structured activities对intelligence有什么帮助;B与文章的倒数第3句不符;C与倒数第2句不符。

英语四级备考每周精选推荐:5月第四周 模拟试卷 新东方2017.6英语四级考试模拟试卷及答案(5.25) 英语四级考试模拟试卷及答案(5.24) 四级考试模拟试卷及答案(5.31) 2017年6月英语四级考试模拟试卷及答案 新东方2017.6英语四级考试模拟试卷及答案(5.26) 作文 四级作文模板及范文汇总 四级作文万能句型八类 四级作文开头六大写法 四级作文万能开头句式汇总 四级作文常用的70个短语 四级看图作文万能模板 四级作文范文50篇 四级作文常用加分谚语 听力 四级听力四大提分攻略 英语四级听力提高四个方法 四级听力篇章四类常考场景 四级听力长对话解题技巧 四级听力长对话解题窍门 四级听力裸考猜答案技巧 四级听力九大技巧汇总 四级听力常考十三类场景词汇 阅读 四级阅读理解100篇精析汇总 四级阅读长篇阅读技巧 大学四级阅读技巧 英语四级阅读理解技巧 四级阅读选词填空三大解题技巧 四级阅读理解常用句型 四级阅读理解解题技巧 四级阅读裸考必知10点 翻译 英语四级翻译每日一练汇总 英语四级翻译题库 大学四级翻译技巧 四级段落翻译技巧 四级翻译常用句型汇总 四级段落翻译练习汇总  英语四级翻译技巧十九个 定语从句四级翻译练习 词汇 四级词汇高效记忆训练汇总 四级高频单词300个汇总 570个英语四级高频词汇下载 四级高频词汇584个汇总 四级高频词汇及例句汇总 四级活跃词汇1000个汇总  英语四级易混淆词汇整理 50个句子记完7000个单词 语法 大学英语四级语法大全目录 英语四级语法点集锦 四级语法巩固练习100题  四级9种常用时态语法归纳